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2)[-B+>>E%0JG1'0Ha>=%14M"Gp$QF2D?g-0J5%5 +B1`>E% /Parent 2 0 R /Parent 2 0 R 0f(FB1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%15*J1cR0C+B3Oo$7I$*DIb1qC(1M(/het%0J5%5 n;PC(1M*2D-mE0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M*BIQnq%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*( Dr. Tom Seymour was appointed to Chair the Business Information Technology Department at Minot State University, Minot, North Dakota for the 2007-2009 year. 0JFVK@grc)/i5I?0Ha>=%14L+FD,57/j%14gI/i,C>0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14jK/i5790H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'0eP7?0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i5=;0Ha>)%15'I1c@$A $8XOl1,psA+>>E%0JG1'=%14M"AM,E2C(1M)0eP4@0JFV' +B1`>E%0HbCK%14[A0eP. /iY[A0H`&%0JG17+B1`O@0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0f_!A3ArQF+>#gg0f:R>2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JOGpu^- 0JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14L+FD,6&.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1,^aE3&!$/0J5%5 +ED%:.9($k$8FLm2_m'@+>>E%0JG1'0JFVKG7=m-@;p07gg0fL^D 2DQs?+B3Oo$7J5]Df9E&.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1GpdD2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'J[ 0HbCK%14gF/het50H`&%0JG17+B1`) %14LtDKKH1@q]:gB4WMkC(1M-1bLdH0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14Ll@OY8k%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5 %15!G0etF:+B3Oo$7Kk%.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg0ek:>2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JT 0JFVK6k'JW/i,180Ha>)%14dA0etF:+B3Oo$7KS!+EM4)E%+b$%14mG/i#+70H`&%0JG17+B1`< %14gL/het50H`&%0JG17+B1`gg1,U[E1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J51;0JFVK@grc'/hf1;0Ha>=%14M*BlYY% 0H`&%0JFViB+52'3%d0E0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i5=;0Ha>)%14[@/ho=>0Ha>=%14L+@3BN* 0JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%15!G1bpa=+B3Oo$7Kk6De+!#.9($k$8XIj2D?g=+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'0JFVK@grc& $8=(d0JG1'@>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52*1+k7?0JFV'/het5 =%14M-@>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'1bLI9 >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52+/het50H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14[B0eb4=1,(C)/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1',E-68:DCJP"%15*M/i5C=0H`&% /Resources << 1Ggd>+B3Oo$7I#c/g*l,EbTT5DBN140f_0L>U^e/.9($k$99pq1GUX>E%0JG1' 1,(C)/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E%0HbCK%14sJ/i>O@0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg0et@80JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%14[@/iY[A /i,180Ha>)%14[@/iY[A0Ha>=%14M*D^eY#%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($99^u1b^U+0J5%5 3&!$?+>>E%0JG1'2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JOF`_>9.9($k$8FCj2D?g= %14gI/i,C>0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"1,(L:2`#>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fCmA2D?g=+>#GAhM4F#tLSAhG2mDesN,EZeU80f_3M>U_9S0JG17+>Gi0/i5OA0HakB%14dA 0Ha>=%14LpA1:Jm%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8F7f2`>E%0JG1'gg/M]":/ibgD0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JT0J5.>0JFVK@grc"/ho1:0Ha>=%14Lq /i>C<0H`&%0JG17+B1`.8.F"Ab>C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK %14LlA8NbpC(1M*0J5(<0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M%DJ:P!C(1M)1bLaI0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M* 0JG1'/MT(70fC^>+B1`gg1,gg?1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/iGC;0Ha>=%14L+ 0f(FB1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JZ/i#7;0Ha>=%14LnBkAenC(1M)0J5. 0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg2D-[;0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA1cR0C+B2h[$8a@m2D?g-gg0fL^=1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J51;0JFVK@grc%/ib[@ 0J5%;0JFVK@grc%/i#==0Ha>=%14L+>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52*1+kFB 0J5%5+ED*($8FCj3&E>E%0JG1'Gl60I]t9%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*( Using the principle behind the telegraph, American inventors Elisha Grey and Alexander Graham Bell transformed speech into an electrical signal. .9($k$8XCh3AN9B+>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52+ BOPs2>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fLd=2)m9D+>#) Early History of Radiophones Nicola Tesla and Guglielmo Marconi were the founders of wireless technology Ship to shore radiotelegraphy employed wireless use of Morse Code Later, radiophones and radiotelephony transmitted speech In 1900 Reginald Fessenden invented early broadcasting, /Type /Page 0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14jH/iP[B0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JOATW2F %14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8X@g1,L[=+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14[A3AE-F2D?g-/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E% 0JG17+B1`@q@)gC(1M+1+kIA0JFV'/het50Ha=_ $8=(d0JG1' =%14M"ASH7'Dff]:.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg 0JG1'2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JOF(HJ(.9($k$8FIl1,psA+>>E% Four basic periods Characterized by a principal technology used to solve the input, processing, output and communication problems of the time: Premechanical, Mechanical, Electromechanical, and Electronic A. Information From the viewpoint of historians it is more like Chicago in the mid-nineteenth century (Cronon, 1991). B+52"0fV-F1Ggd>+>#)%14dA3&E+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%15'I2Dd*A+>>E% 0JFViB+52&3%d$I0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14aX3?U=73ArQF+B2q^$8!qa0K(U=+B2h[$8!qa1,L[= stream However, the process was tiring. FD5W*.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1,U[>0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14jC exists about the Internet, covering history, technology, and usage. 1,(C9+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14gF/ibgD0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&0J5. 0H`&%0JFViB+52,1G1F:0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i5OA0Ha>)%14[@/iY[A0Ha>=%14L+DIn#@ 1GUR>0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc#/iP[B0Ha>=%14M"F)N10D/X>E%0JG1'=%14M%Ch+toC(1M)2(gU=0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14Lp 1,:I<1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%15*J1,L[=+B3Oo$7I$6DfTD<2D?g- 1GCF?1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc!/ho+80Ha>=%14L+FD,57>E% 2D?g-/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E%0HbCK%14sJ/i>O@0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1' >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fCd>2E!6C+>#gg1,LUB1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc!/iGC;0Ha>=%14L+F(f,6>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&3%d3L0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/ho=>0Ha>)%14dA2`NKF+B3Oo$7K_& $8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1bgU:1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%14LtEcZ=FE+(1p 0H`&%0JFViB+52'3A*!B0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i,C>0Ha>)%14gB0f1R>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52(/ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`0JFVKG7=m- 0HbCK%14sQ/hf+90H`&%0JG17+B1`GW(0JG17+B2q^$8=(e1,(C)>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"2*!9C1b^U+/M]:<1,^g?+B1`>E%0JG1'O@0H`&%0JG17+B1`+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&1+k==0JFV'/het5 << .9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/MT1=%14LrCh[`8>E%0H`&% 0JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc$/i5OA0Ha>=%14LsAKYYt@:X(iB-;+AG"C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%15*J0etF: /iP[B0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14gI/iY[A 0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1,CO?1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JY/i5I?0Ha>=%14LnBIQnq%14dA0JFV' 0JG1'>E% << 0JFVK6k'JOAKXNX.9($k$8FFk3&!$?+>>E%0JG1'+>>E%0JG1' Technology Objectives Define modern information technology. 0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK 6k'JT0J5%;0JFVK@grc'/i5=;0Ha>=%14L+F(fK9DBNV2G9A)KEc5T2ATMo8BlbD8F`JUADf^"L +D,P4+Eo86C(1M*3%d!B0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14LsDf$q&C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14jE It provides a brief overview of some of the key topics in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education. $7I$-@<>pe@<6!E.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1c[0D0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+; 0Ha>)%14gB0K:a?+B3Oo$7KI. /het50Ha=_%14dA1,L[=+B2h[$7I$;ARfY!A1:Jm%14mJ/i,7:0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'0JFVK@grbs0J5(8 /MSt;/iGI=0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JY/iP[B0Ha>=%14M#@<3ksC(1M)3%d-F0JFV'/het50Ha=_ O@0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg1,LU?3&!$/0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>) 0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0etF:+B2h[$8F.n1,(C)gg2)6dD0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14gB3&WHE+B3Oo$7Kq+G%E+% 0J5%5+ED*($:7]$$9'^m0JG17+? $8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg0etX>2_m'@+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14gG/iG[C0H`&%0JG17+B1`N'.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/MT1@/iPO>0H_r%1bLL@ C(1M)0eP. %14dA1H$p@+B3Oo$7I$2DCJP"%14gF/i#7;0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E% /Resources << Eb>gg0fUdG2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/ho+80Ha>)%14gB3B/]H+B3Oo$7I$8AftT%.9($k$8OLl +>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'C<0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JFVKG7=m-DJsVG>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&2(gd@0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0fUj@+B2h[$8!qa1GCL:+B3Oo$7I#G 0eP.60JG1'0J5%50JG1'0J5%50JG1'0eP.60JG1'0J5%50JFV'/het50HakB%14dA0JFV'/het% C(1M-1G1UE0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M+FEM#.+Co&&ASu$iDI[61.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het% $7KLu.9($k$9'Rq3&!$/0J5%50JFVK6k'JODfR:+C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14gD/iYO= $8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1,(=82D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/hf1;0Ha>)%14gB1GUX>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'2(gdH0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/ho=>0Ha>) /i,180Ha>)%14gB0JY=9+B3Oo$7L"7.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg3A*9J0JFV'/het5 0JFVK6k'JT0J51;0JFVK@grbs0J5(>0JFVKG7=m-+EqOA.9($k$8FIl2)6j>+>>E%0JG1'gg0f1L>0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grbs Today it exists in cloud computing, laptops, tablets and smartphones. 0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[A/iPU@0Ha>=%14L+.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg2_Hj>0JFV' F=C1(%14mH/iYgE0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14gM/i5C= F=C1(%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8""e0eP7?0JFV$0f1L;0JG1'=%14L]Df]K-@OY8k%14mK/i>C<0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'O@0Ha>=%14L+.9($k$8=(d Ian McHarg (1920-1981) ... Geographical Information Systems ... GIS has evolved with computing technology. 1c$a@1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JX/iYO=0Ha>=%14L+De:,&AThctATK;"C(1M-1bLUE0JFV'/het5 0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14Lg-o!_>1FZ:>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52)/i,7:0H`&%0JG17+B1`< %14gB1c-m?+B3Oo$7KS+.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg0et@80JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JT %14[A1,^a=0JG1'/MT(70eb:8+B1`/j%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8F@i0fC^>+>>E%0JG1' /hf+90H`&%0JG17+B1`D.Oi3Bl,:uC(1M,1bL[C0JFV'/het50Ha=_ 0JFVK6k'JT0J5(>0JFVK@grc"/i#==0Ha>=%14L+@3B3!Bdm"r%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*( +B1`>E%0JG1'=%14LnF0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JOAKYl/FD31'C(1M*3A*6K0JFV' :0JFV'/het5 Controvérsias e conflitos são identificados e discutidos, com ênfase no ideário do "software livre"; na determinação da indústria sobre a ação profissional; nas relações de poder; na autorregulação da profissão; na participação dos profissionais de TI em novas profissões; em aspectos de personalidade, visão de mundo e cultura; no licenciamento para exercício profissional; no domínio do conhecimento e em aspectos de litígio. /Filter [/ASCII85Decode ] /het50Ha=_%14dA1,L[=+B2h[$8jFl1b^U+gg 0et@80JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'J`/i#7;0Ha>=%14L+F)PnE>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52( 0Ha>)%14gB3&!$?+B3Oo$7KP)+CQ]uC(1M*1+k7?0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14L+Ci>E%0JG1'/j%14jI/i5OA0H`&%0JG17+B1`=%14M)BkM>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFVi 0Ha>=%14L+FDi:2ALUSn%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8!tl3%d0M0JFV$0f1L;2D?g-=%14M%DCJP"%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8F:g0JG17+>>E% 0Ha>)%14mD2_m'@+B3Oo$7KV1.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg2D. 0Ha>)%14[@/i#7;0Ha>=%14LlF"(('%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($99^u1b^U+0J5%50JFVK 2_Hj>0JFV$0f1L;2D?g->E%0HbCK%14gD/i,7:0H`&%0JG17 /i#7;0Ha>)%14mD1cR0C+B3Oo$7KV1F(K0"+D,P.Ci=N/.9($k$8s^n3&!$?+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1' gg0fL^=1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK 0JFVK@grc!/hf1;0Ha>=%14L+@;]TuBl5A!C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14mF/ibgD0H`&% Information Technology Skill Management Strategies for Implementing New Technologies: A Case of Service-Oriented Architecture, Generations of Mobile Wireless Technology: A Survey, Multifunction, Multiband, and Multimode Wireless Receivers: A Path Toward the Future, ITSy--Simplicity Research in Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology : Past, Present and Future. /Resources << Basically as long as people have been around, information technology has been around because there were always ways of communicating through technology available at that point in time. 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