Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet General Secretary of the Communist party and President of the Supreme Soviet from 1964 until 1982. The shining surface is intended to reflect the sun, the ground and those who stand before it. But given the draft policies, the hard-sell recruitment, the severe escalation from month to month and the refusal by President Lyndon Johnson to call up the older reserves and National Guard, it could not have been otherwise. The Marine Corps lost 14,836, or 5 percent of its own men. He was a Navy enlisted man during World War II and has a degree in Political Science from Duke University. Many of the 17- and 18-year olds were simply late in maturing. If the demographic is expanded to 17- to 21- years, then we find there were 83 percent of Marine enlisted casualties, and 65 percent of Army enlisted casualties. But in 1966, President Johnson and Secretary of Defense McNamara decided to institute Project 100,000 that would allow category IV men to enter the military. During the Vietnam War, the Navy and Air Force became substantially white enclaves – enlisted and officer casualties were 96 percent white. In terms of national origin/ancestries, an extensive sampling of the data-base reveals that Americans of French Canadian, Polish, Italian and other Southern and Eastern European surnames made up about 10 percent of the Vietnam casualties. Indeed, officer casualties of all branches were overwhelmingly white. It is not surprising, for instance, that West Virginia, Montana, and Oklahoma had a casualty rate almost twice that of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. The Navy had a similar profile: 55 percent of its 622 officer casualties were 30 years of age or older, and 45 percent were ranked at lieutenant commander or above when they died. Our combat arms were thought to be completely classless. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial stands as a symbol of America’s honor and recognition of the men and women who served and sacrificed their lives in the Vietnam War. Although valuable, this study was almost certainly misinterpreted by its authors when they said that their data showed that most privileged and influential segments of American society were not insulated from the perils of Vietnam conflict. The draft policy at the time of the Vietnam War was called the Universal Military Training and Service Act. Many others joined the reserves or National Guard, which were not mobilized in any appreciable numbers during the war. The nonprofit Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund also founded the Vietnam Veterans Memorial -- commonly known as The Wall -- which is inscribed with the names of more than 58,000 people who died … The names of the American war dead were listed in numerical order by the date and time of death. The article was written by Bill Abbott, an independent researcher and writer. And, as in every American war, it is the very young who are the most willing to volunteer. This came at a time when blacks made up 11 percent of the male population nationwide. Almost 50 percent were majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels and three were generals. Deaths caused by South Vietnam. You can scroll down to see the names of casualties listed under their official city. (in PDF format, sorted alphabetically by last name of casualty) American Samoa Guam Puerto Rico Virgin Islands Canal Zone Alabama / Alaska / Arizona / Arkansas / California / Colorado / Connecticut / Delaware / Florida / Georgia / Hawaii / Idaho / Illinois / Indiana / Iowa / Kansas / Kentucky / Louisiana / Maine / Maryland / Massachusetts / Michigan / Minnesota / The Air Force lost the highest percentage of officers. Records of U.S. Military Casualties, Missing in Action, and Prisoners of War from the Era of the Vietnam War are available through the National Archives. Search the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall page for Vietnam War casualties by name, home of record, home state/country, branch, age, service or social security number, rank, birthday, and/or casualty date. The names would become the memorial. Thus, there were 211,455 killed and wounded, or one in every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam. How many Smiths can there possibly be who died in Vietnam? Congress and the Johnson administration, therefore, sought to protect our college-bound and educated young men. Of course, the Marine, Navy, and Air Force enlisted casualties were all volunteers, but as it turned out, almost 50 percent of Army enlisted casualties were also volunteers. The Vietnam War became a painful lesson for many - from Washington, D.C. to Smalltown America. Many high-ranking military men (including General William C. Westmoreland, the U.S. commander in Vietnam) opposed the program, feeling that the effectiveness of some units would be reduced and that fellow soldiers would sometimes be put in greater jeopardy by these less mentally capable personnel. As one stands before the Wall one feels that no other judgment is acceptable to their living memory. If the two branches are combined, then 80 percent of the Army and Marine enlisted casualties were privates or corporals, grades E-1 to E-4. The figures show that on average 65 percent of white enlisted men and 60 percent of black enlisted men were high school graduates. For details of the total number of Australians who died during the Vietnam War, 1962- 1975, please refer to Deaths as a result of service with Australian units . THE NAMES ON THE WALL: AN HISTORICAL JUDGMENT. Vietnam War Casualties (1955-1975) America paid a terrible price for its involvement in the Vietnam War - nearly 60,000 killed-in-action, … Where previously a high school diploma had been an acceptable goal, now it was college and all the benefits it would bring. Take some time to learn their names. Adding to the problem was Project 100,000. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. Warships & Submarines. These records were transferred into the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration in 2008. The 1970 census which is being used as our Vietnam era population base did not list an Hispanic count but gave an estimate of 4.5 percent of the American population. The remaining 70 percent of our Vietnam enlisted casualties were of English/Scottish/Welsh, German, Irish and Scandinavian-American ancestries, more from the South and Midwest than the other regions, many from small towns with a family military tradition. That was about 0.03% of the population at the time with an average 11 deaths each day. Additionally, many of the names on the wall were other teenagers from the suburban white collar communities with siblings who were in, or would go on to college, but who, as individuals themselves, were slow to mature, struggled through high school and were therefore very available for the Vietnam War. Killed in Action (KIA); Died while Missing. Sad to say, many of these recruitment promises were fudged in one way or another, and many of these young men found themselves shipped directly to Vietnam after basic training. During the war years 1961-1975 there were 58,209 recorded deaths among US Service Members. World War II had been, for the most part, a perfect war, clear of purpose, the forces of democracy and freedom lined up against the forces of fascism and tyranny. No other American war has presented such a young profile in combat. Officer casualties of all branches were overwhelmingly white. The Air Force lost 2,580 or l percent. It was compiled by Jay Ebert, and used Tom Holloway's original database files as … This, they felt, would offer these men the opportunity to get remedial training in the service and then be able to compete successfully when they returned to civilian life. In 2004, the total is 58,241 names. The feeling is that the poor, the undereducated and the minorities made up the vast majority of the combat arms during that war. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. These alphabetical indexes are for your convenience but do not represent the order of names on the Wall. Since its adoption in 1951, at the time of the Korean War, this policy had been renewed by Congress every four years. State V'nam Dead Deaths Per 100000 Pop; Alabama 1205 34.9; Alaska 57 18.8 Arizona 622 35.0 Arkansas 589 30.6 California 5572 27.9 Colorado 620 28.0 Connecticut 611 20.1 Vietnam-Era Military Personnel Records, 1960's - 1970's The Vietnam-Era Military Personnel Records is a huge archive that holds as many as 4,638,952 records in its massive collection. An estimated 11,000 women served in Vietnam. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a 2-acre national memorial in Washington, DC. United States Casualties of the Vietnam War, 1956-1998 from FamilySearch; includes Vietnam War dead, missing and prisoners of war Vietnam War POW/MIA List from the Department of Defense Vietnam-Era Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Database. As a region, the South experienced the greatest numbers of dead, nearly 34 percent of the total, or 31.0 deaths per 100,000 of population. The makeup of U.S. combat forces in Vietnam has long been the subject of controversy among social scientists. Read their histories. There is some truth to this, but it is instructive to look at what the DOD database reveals in terms of race, ethnicity, national origin, religious preference and casualties by U.S. geographic areas. The widely held notion that the poor served and died in Vietnam while the rich stayed home is way off the mark. NAVY AND AIR FORCE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. These officer casualties came more from the South and West regions, 4.1 deaths per 100,000, in contrast to 3.5 from the Northeast and Midwest regions. As a result, it was mainly the families of Navy and Air Force pilots and crewmen who suffered the great agony of the POW (prisoner of war) and MIA (missing in action) experience that came out of the Vietnam War. Of the 4953 Navy and Air Force casualties, both officer and enlisted, 4, 736 or 96% were white. Lower end category IVs consisting of those who scored below 20 on the AFQT were usually rejected for service. Certainly, some who died did come from poor and broken homes in the urban ghettos and barrios, or were from dirt-poor farm homes in the South and Midwest. Of the 8000 Coast guardsmen who served in Vietnam, 3 officers and 4 enlisted men were killed and 59 were wounded. A new Department of Defense (DOD) database computer tape released through the National Archives allows researchers to take a much closer look at our 58,152 Vietnam casualties. The vast majority of Americans who were eligible by age but did not serve in the armed forces were exempted by reason of physical, mental, psychiatric, or moral failure; or they were given status deferments because they were college students, fathers, clergy, teachers, engineers or conscientious objectors. from the Library of Congress National Cemeteries and Beneficiaries Vietnam War casualties from Oklahoma Click or Tap on name to find a personal memorial page of a casualty from this state. Despite their inexperience, they were thought to accept discipline readily. Inscribed on the black granite walls are the names of more than 58,000 men and women who gave their lives or … All over the country, families and friends of the 58,315 service members who died in the Vietnam War have been working for years to put together … …’In honor of the men and women of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in the Vietnam War. Less than 1 percent (0.8) were Jewish, Hindu, Thai, Buddhist or Muslim combined, and 5.7 listed no religion. However, if officer casualties are added to the total, then this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of all casualties. Named in honor of Richard Donham Coffelt. Edith Piaf, internationally famous French cabaret singer, best remembered for her songs "La Vie en rose" and "Non, je ne regrette rein.". They also died quickly, many within a few weeks or months of arriving in Vietnam. The resulting aptitude scores were used to classify entrants into four categories and this would, for the most part, determine their subsequent assignments. There were 667; How many Andersons?, 178; Garcias?, 102; Murphys?, 82; Jenkins?, 66; One wants to know more about these Americans. Coast Guard casualties are included in the Navy totals. During the V'nam war, the Navy and Air Force became substantially white enclaves. He accepted the tradition of military service passed on to him by the popular culture and by President John F. Kennedy’s ringing words, Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty. If you see a familiar name or want to share a … The Selective Service System it said, has the responsibility to deliver manpower to the armed forces in such a manner as to reduce to a minimum any adverse effect upon the national health, safety, interest and progress. The Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) was given to all entering enlisted men. They drew on every segment of American society. (Surprisingly, as it turned out, the percentage of Vietnam veterans who applied for the GI Bill was higher than either World War II or Korea. Through the AFQT process, the men scoring in the higher categories were more likely to be channeled into further specialized training and eventually assigned to technical and administrative units. Eight women were killed in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, one Army captain, one Army lieutenant colonel and one Air Force captain. The names of those who gave their lives and of those who remain missing are inscribed in the order they were taken from us. The faces shown on the next pages are the faces of American men killed, in the words of the official announcement of their deaths, “in connection with the conflict in Vietnam.” The names, 242 of them, were released on May 28 through June 3 [1969], a span of no special significance except that it … As Maya Ling Lin, the architect of the Wall, has said: It was as if the black-brown earth were polished and made into an interface between the sunny world and the quiet dark world beyond that we cannot enter. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Since the days of Alexander the Great and the Roman Legions, it has always been the young, inexperienced, low-ranking enlisted man who has taken the brunt of combat casualties. They refer to older or younger siblings who are either in or on their way to college. On average, 43 percent of white enlisted entrants placed in categories I and II (scoring 65 to 100) and 57 percent in categories III and IV (scoring 10 to 64). As a result, the black casualty rate was reduced to 11.5 percent by 1969. The popularity of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized this yearning. It is instructive to read the literature of the war, the letters written home from those who died, the novels and narrative accounts of those who served in combat and then returned. Numbers certainly do not tell the whole story - or all of them - but they certainly paint a picture of lives lost and families devastated. As we have pointed out earlier, more than 80 percent of our casualties were Army and Marine enlisted men with an average age of 19- to 20-years. Mississippi Counties → … All of this was one of the great and abiding agonies of the Vietnam War, causing repercussions within families and on the national political scene to this day. Often that advice, especially for professional athletes, rock stars, sons of politicians and other celebrities, was to join the never-to-be-called-up reserves or National Guard. The civilian and military men who formed the policy did not see it necessarily as a disadvantage. The article was originally published in the June 1993 issue of Vietnam Magazine and updated in November 2004. ARMY AND MARINE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. This is useful for viewing the names of Gold Star veterans by localized regions within the state. Mary Ashton Livermore, a temperance worker, women's rights activist, lecturer, and writer. Family members of the deceased veterans were on hand to receive a recognition plaque and place photos of their loved ones at the base of the memorial wall of names. True enough, but many of the surviving Vietnam casualty families would reply that the ultimate unfairness is death at an early age, in a land far from home, for reasons not clearly defined. Of the 8000 Coast guardsmen who served in Vietnam, 3 officers and 4 enlisted men were killed and 59 were wounded. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. has the names listed in chronological order by date of loss. The major service academies and other military colleges provided close to 900 of the Vietnam officer casualties: the U.S. Military Academy, 278; the U.S. Air Force Academy, 205; the U.S. The names are listed chronologically by date of death, the first to last. There is no question that all segments of American society were represented. 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